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How do NFTs differ from cryptocurrencies?

NFTs differ from cryptocurrencies: A Brief

NFTs, or Non-Fungible Tokens, and cryptocurrencies are both fundamental components of the digital asset world, which is built on blockchain technology. However, they have significant differences in their structures, usages, and underlying principles. If we unpack these differences, we can fully assess their unique characteristics and give a detailed perspective to both beginners and advanced traders or investors in NFTs and cryptocurrencies.

Defining NFTs and Cryptocurrencies

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs)

NFTs represent ownership or proof of the authenticity of a unique item or piece of content. An NFT is minted, or created, on a blockchain, where it is recorded on a decentralized and public ledger. An NFT can represent digital or physical assets, such as digital art, collectibles, real estate, music, or even tweets.


Cryptocurrencies are digital or virtual currencies that use cryptography for security and operate independently of a central bank. They are tokens or coins existing on a blockchain and are usually designed to work as a medium of exchange within the network. The most well-known cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, but there are thousands of others, including Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, and more.

Fundamental Differences Between NFTs and Cryptocurrencies


The most significant difference between NFTs and cryptocurrencies lies in their fungibility. In economics, an asset is fungible if it can be interchanged with another identical asset without losing its value. For instance, one Bitcoin can be exchanged for another Bitcoin, and they both will have the same value. So, cryptocurrencies are fungible.

NFTs, on the other hand, are non-fungible, meaning each token has a different value and cannot be exchanged on a like-for-like basis. Each NFT contains specific information or attributes that make them unique.

Scarcity and Supply

Cryptocurrencies usually have a limited supply. For example, the total supply of Bitcoin is capped at 21 million coins. This scarcity, coupled with increased demand, usually drives up the price of cryptocurrencies over time.

NFTs also have the characteristic of scarcity. However, their scarcity comes from their uniqueness. Each NFT is unique and cannot be replaced with something else, making every NFT scarce in its own right. Although NFTs can be issued in a series (like a digital art collection), each token in the series will have unique information, making it distinct from the rest.

Ownership and Access Rights

Cryptocurrencies do not confer any ownership rights over a physical or digital asset. Holding a Bitcoin does not grant you ownership of anything other than the Bitcoin itself.

NFTs, conversely, represent ownership over an associated digital or physical asset. Holding an NFT can grant you ownership rights to a digital artwork, a collectible, or other real-world assets. For example, an NFT for a digital artwork shows that you own the artwork and not just a copy of it.


While both NFTs and cryptocurrencies operate on blockchain technology, they function very differently. NFTs represent unique digital assets with ownership and access rights, while cryptocurrencies serve as a medium of exchange or store of value. Understanding the differences between these digital assets can inform your approach as an investor or trader in the exciting and complex world of blockchain technology.