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What is the minimum amount required to invest in a mutual fund?

Minimum Amount Required to Invest in a Mutual Fund

Investing in mutual funds is an excellent option for both beginners and advanced traders or investors due to its diversification benefits and professional management at a relatively low cost. When planning to begin your investing journey in mutual funds, one of the most critical questions that might cross your mind is, ‘What is the minimum amount required to invest in a mutual fund?’

Mutual Fund Minimum Investment – An Overview

The minimum investment amount for a mutual fund varies based on the type of fund and the fund company or asset management corporation (AMC). Typically, mutual fund companies have specified initial and subsequent investment amounts. The initial minimum investment can range from as little as $1 to $3,000 or even more, with subsequent investments usually being lower.

Initial Investment Amount

The initial investment amount, as the term suggests, is the minimum amount required to open a mutual fund account. This amount is primarily set at a relatively higher level due to various factors that are specific to the nature of the fund. It may be due to a fund’s investment strategy, fund management objectives, or administrators’ efforts to keep administrative costs low by having fewer but larger accounts. For instance, some specialty or sector funds might set a larger initial investment, which aims to deter unsophisticated investors from assuming undue risks.

Subsequent Investment Amount

The subsequent investment is the minimum sum you need to invest after your initial investment. The great news here is that this amount is typically much smaller than the initial investment amount. This makes it easier for investors to steadily grow their investment.

While there are mutual funds that have high initial investment requirements, others are designed to encourage small investors to save and invest. For example, some mutual funds allow investments as low as $50 per month under an automatic investment plan.

Investment Options and Their Minimums

Different types of mutual funds can have different minimum investment requirements.

Index Funds and Exchange Traded Funds

Index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) typically have lower minimum investment requirements. For instance, Vanguard’s S&P 500 ETF requires a minimum purchase of one share, which currently trades for less than $400.

Managed Funds

Actively managed funds usually require higher minimums given the involvement of fund managers, who charge a fee for their expertise in handling investment decisions. Some actively managed funds can have minimum initial commitments as high as $1,000 to $3,000.

Target Date Funds

Target date funds, often used by retirement savers who desire a one-stop, simple investment solution that auto-adjusts over time, can have varying minimum investments. Some target-date retirement mutual funds might have minimums as low as $1,000.

Direct Stock Purchase Plans

Direct stock purchase plans (DSPPs) offer individual investors the ability to purchase stock directly from the issuing company with low or no fees. The minimum amount to invest can be as little as one share.

Finding the Minimum Requirements

Details about minimum investment amounts can be found in a fund’s prospectus, which is a document that every publicly traded mutual fund must make accessible to investors. In it, you’ll find vital information about the fund, including its minimum investment requirements.

Final Thoughts

While mutual funds offer a great investment avenue, it’s crucial to remember that they come with varying minimum investment requirements based on several factors. Having an understanding of the minimum investment required for the type of mutual fund you are interested in is a step towards a successful and profitable mutual fund investment journey. Also, keep in mind that, along with considering the minimum investment, you should factor in your risk tolerance, financial goals, and time horizon when choosing the mutual fund right for you.