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What are the most commonly traded commodities?

The Most Commonly Traded Commodities in the Market

Commodity trading is a crucial aspect of the global trading ecosystem, offering opportunities for investors to diversify their portfolios, hedge against inflation, or capitalize on significant price movements. Commodities, essentially raw materials or primary agricultural products, can be broadly categorized into four types: energy, metals, agriculture, and livestock and meat. So, what are the most commonly traded commodities?

Energy Commodities

Energy commodities are among the most actively traded commodities due to their critical role in driving global economies. These include:

Crude Oil

Crude oil remains the most commonly traded commodity due to its importance in modern-day industrial processes and transportation. Its pricing is often influenced by geopolitical tensions, economic health, weather events, and technological developments.

Natural Gas

Natural gas serves as a significant source of electricity, heating, and cooking worldwide, making it another highly traded commodity. Factors affecting its price include weather patterns, production levels, and economic growth.


Metals, both precious and industrial, constitute an important segment of the commodity market. They include:


Gold, widely regarded as a safe-haven asset, is an investor favorite, particularly during periods of economic turbulence. Factors that drive its price include global political and economic uncertainties, inflation rates, and interest rates.


While not as popular as gold, silver is nonetheless actively traded, serving both as an investment and an essential industrial component. Supply and demand, economic indicators, and its use in various industries all influence its price.


Copper’s industrial use, specifically in construction and electrical equipment, makes it a commonly traded commodity. Like other commodities, its price is greatly affected by supply-and-demand dynamics.

Agricultural Commodities

Agricultural commodities encompass a wide range of products and are subject to the influences of weather and global economic conditions. Some widely traded ones include:


One of the most versatile crops, corn is used for food, in biofuel production, and as animal feed, making it a widely traded agricultural commodity.


Being a major source of oil and feed, soybeans are significantly traded globally. Weather conditions, demand in the livestock industry, and demand for biofuel production all have an impact on their pricing.


Wheat is a key ingredient in many food products, thereby making it a frequently traded commodity. Weather conditions, demand from emerging markets, and global supply frequently affect its price.

Livestock and Meat Commodities

These commodities relate to farm animals and their byproducts and are crucial for food production. Some heavily traded ones are:

Live Cattle

This commodity involves trading in beef cattle. Factors influencing its price often include feed prices, weather, and demand from the meat-processing industry.

Lean Hogs

Lean hogs, referring to butchered pig meat, are also significantly traded. Feed prices, hog supplies, and pork demand are among the factors affecting their price.

Final Thoughts

The commodities mentioned above represent only a fraction of the broad commodity markets. These commodities each have distinctive advantages and risks that depend on a number of factors. As such, both beginner and advanced traders should take time to understand these dynamics and their implications before venturing into commodity trading. It’s also advisable to keep abreast of global news and economic indicators, as they can considerably impact commodity prices.